What is the net worth of Garry Kasparov?
Russian chess grandmaster, author, and political activist Garry Kasparov has a $6 million fortune. Between 1984 and his retirement in 2005, Garry Kasparov held the top spot for a record 255 months. His reign as the youngest-ever uncontested World Chess Champion in 1985 and his highly-publicized encounter against IBM’s Deep Blue in 1997 rank among his career highlights.
Including Valletta 1980, Lucerne 1982, Dubai 1986, Thessaloniki 1988, Manila 1992, Moscow 1994, Yerevan 1996, and Bled 2002, he participated in a total of eight Chess Olympiads. Since his retirement, Kasparov has engaged in a variety of political endeavours, including founding the United Civil Front in Russia and the Renew Democracy Initiative in the US. He founded the United Civil Front, a coalition that is opposed to Vladimir Putin’s political stances. He is on the Human Rights Foundation’s board of directors as well. More than twenty books have been written about Kasparov’s work in both chess and politics.
Garry Kasparov Early Years
On April 13, 1963, in Baku, Soviet Azerbaijan, Garry Kasparov was born. While his father, Kim, was Jewish, his mother, Klara, was Armenian. Kasparov’s father went away while he was seven years old. Additionally, he started going to the Young Pioneer Palace. At the age of ten, Kasparov started attending Mikhail Botvinnik’s chess academy.
Garry Kasparov Career Start-Up
With his two victories in a row in the Soviet Junior Championship in 1976 and 1977, Kasparov cemented his reputation as a dangerous chess player. After those wins, he participated in the Sokolsky Memorial match, winning first place and earning the title of “chess master” in the process. Additionally, Kasparov became the first player to qualify for the Soviet Chess Championship. With the aid of his significant victory in a grandmaster competition held in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1979, he soon rose up the FIDE world rankings. Kasparov won the World Junior Chess Championship the next year and attained grandmaster status.
Gaining the top spot worldwide
Early in the 1980s, Kasparov attained the title of grandmaster, and during the course of the decade, he advanced to become one of the finest chess players in the world. By 1982, he was ranked second in the world as a result of his victories in the Moscow Interzonal and the USSR Chess Championship. Kasparov was the youngest player to ever hold the top spot when, at the start of 1984, he was recognised as the best player in the world with a FIDE rating of 2710.
Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov squared off in the World Chess Championship in late 1984. The match lasted a record 48 games and had numerous ups and downs before being controversially called off by FIDE president Florencio Campomanes. In 1985, a new event was instituted in which the Championship would be won by the first player to win 12 12 points. At age 22, Kasparov became the youngest World Chess Champion ever after winning the match by a score of 13-11. In 1986 and 1987, he was successful in retaining his title. In 1990, Kasparov faced Karpov in a fifth encounter, which he won.
Break from FIDE
Kasparov began severing ties with the organising body FIDE in the middle to late 1980s after engaging in a protracted dispute with it. He established the Grandmasters Association and subsequently the Professional Chess Association in opposition. Both men were expelled from FIDE in 1993 after it was revealed that Kasparov will face Nigel Short in a game not under the control of FIDE in order to defend his World Champion title. In 1995, Viswanathan Anand was Kasparov’s opponent as he successfully defended his title while still competing for his PCA organisation.
Playing Against Computers
Since the 1980s, Kasparov has been intimately associated with computers. Acorn Computers, the sponsor of his Candidates semifinal match against Viktor Korchnoi, gave him a BBC Micro computer in 1983. Two years later, Kasparov started talking with Frederic Friedel, editor of the computer chess journal, about the potential applications of chess database programmes as training aids. Friedel later founded ChessBase, a software company, and provided Kasparov a copy of a database programme.
In Hamburg, Germany, in 1985, Kasparov played 32 chess machines and prevailed in every game. He won a two-game match against the Deep Thought chess programme four years later. The matches Kasparov played against the IBM supercomputer Deep Blue are among his most well-known encounters with a computer. In 1996, he prevailed, but he fell short in 1997. In a competitive setting, Kasparov’s defeat by the computer marked the first time a reigning world chess champion had ever lost. Later, in 2003, he was tied against X3D Fritz after being defeated by the software Deep Junior.
Retirement and later playing years
Kasparov competed in the World Chess Championship in 2000 against Vladimir Kramnik, a former pupil. Kasparov made a crucial mistake in game 10, which led to his losing to his opponent and giving up the title of World Champion. But because he won so many important tournaments, he kept being the best player in the world. In early 2005, after winning his tenth Linares event, Kasparov said that he was done with competitive chess. In the following years, he participated in more rapid chess competitions and mentored well-known players like Magnus Carlsen, Viswanathan Anand, and Hikaru Nakamura.
Activities in Politics
Kasparov has done a lot of different political things outside of the chess world. His membership in the Communist Party of the Soviet Union dates back to 1984, and a few years later he was elected to the Komsomol Central Committee. In 1990, he abandoned the Party. Kasparov contributed to the establishment of the Democratic Party of Russia in that year. He created the United Civil Front, a Russian social organisation aimed at preserving electoral democracy in the nation, when he retired from playing chess in 2005.
Kasparov was a big reason why a group of people came together to fight against Vladimir Putin’s government. In a similar vein, he supported the planning of other pro-democracy protests in Russia. Kasparov departed Russia in 2013 as a result of Putin’s escalating authoritarian regime. Later, he started the US charity Renew Democracy Initiative and became chairman of the Human Rights Foundation.
Garry Kasparov’s Private Life
Kasparov had a daughter with his first wife, Masha. Divorce resulted from the union. After they separated in 2005, Kasparov married Yulia, with whom he had a son. Kasparov has a daughter and a son with his third wife, Dasha.
Garry Kasparov Real Estate
At the Manhattan condominium complex known as the Harrison, Garry spent $3.4 million in December 2009 for a residence designed by Robert A. Stern. The three-bedroom, 1,800 square foot condo was bought for $1.25 million with a mortgage after negotiating a $350,000 price reduction from the asking price.
Prior to this, he owned a 900 square foot apartment in the Lombardy building, which he purchased in 2005 for $320,000 and sold in October 2009 for $630,000.